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What is Infertility? Fertility Clinic in Istanbul

Infertility is the situation where no contraception is used and pregnancy is not achieved at the end of a year despite regular intercourse. For a regular sex life, sexual intercourse should be on average 2 or 3 times a week.

 

If the age of the expectant mother is over 35, this period is limited to 6 months. In other words, if pregnancy does not occur at the end of 6 months, a specialist should be consulted without wasting time.

 

Infertility Due to The Man

 

1) INSUFFICIENT PRODUCTION, FROM THE BRAIN, OF HORMONES THAT PROVIDE SPERM PRODUCTION It is responsible for 1-2% of male infertility. 2) PROBLEMS RELATED TO THE TESTES: INFECTIONS (Mumps especially after puberty)

 

GENETIC CAUSES (Chromosome problems in men)

 

UNDESCENDED TESTICLE Testicles that have not moved down to the bags after they formed in the abdomen and remain mostly in the groin area, noticing of this situation late, at the age of 6 and later, occurrence of damage to stem cells that provide sperm production during this period

 

RADIATION (receiving high-dose radiation therapy, especially for a tumor.)

 

MALE FERTILITY TESTS-SPERMOGRAM

 

The first test that should be requested in male infertility is sperm analysis. 2-5 days of sexual abstinence is required for sperm analysis. The father-to-be should give the semen sample by masturbation.

 

WHAT IS EXAMINED IN SPERM ANALYSIS?

 

SPERM NUMBER: There should be at least 15 million sperms in 1 ml of semen.

 

SPERM MOBILITY (Motility)There are 3 types of movement of the sperm in the semen sample: 1-Forward movement 2-Movement in place 3-Still

 

At least 32% of the sperm must be forward motile. Still and movement in place sperms are not likely to fertilize the female egg.

 

SPERM PERCENTAGE WITH NORMAL HEAD AND TAIL STRUCTURE (Morphology):

 

The head and tail structure is important when fertilizing the sperm egg. According to the very special classification we call Kruger, at least 4% of the sperm should have a normal structure. This rate may seem very low at first glance. However, this is a classification with very strict rules. It is almost like getting a 5 from a teacher who grades hard and feeling happy like you got a 10. Therefore, it is very difficult to see 10% normal in the Kruger system.

 

In addition to these 3 basic criteria, the amount of semen, the number of inflammatory cells, and the vitality rate of inactive sperm are examined.

 

MALE REPRODUCTIVE SYSTEM

 

Sperm is the male reproductive system cell. In order to have a child, the genetic material in the sperm must be combined with the genetic material in the egg, which is called fertilization. A healthy sperm cell is very small and cannot be seen. A mature sperm cell consists of three parts: head, neck and tail.

 

It contains the head of the sperm and the genetic material that we call DNA. The head of the sperm has been created and designed to attach to and enter the egg.

 

The tail of the sperm, on the other hand, provides the movement of the sperm in the female genital system with spiral movements. The sperm produces the energy required for movement in its neck area.

 

Testicles are the male genital organ where sperm cells and the male hormone TESTOSTERONE are produced. There are also bags called SCROTUM under the testicles and penis. Testicles are formed in the abdomen in a baby boy and then descend into the scrotum. This descent is completed with birth.

 

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The reason why the testicles are outside the body is that the temperature in this area should be 2, 3 degrees lower than the body temperature for healthy sperm production. So the scrotum provides heat, 2-3 degrees cooler than the rest of the body. This temperature is essential for the normal function of the testicles and hormone production.

 

The task of the testicles

 

  1. Sperm production
  2. It is the production of male hormone, testosterone

 

WHEN DOES SPERM PRODUCTION START?

 

Sperm production in men begins with puberty. FSH and LH hormones produced from the HYPOPHYSIS GLAND in the brain control the production of both sperm and TESTOSTERONE, which is a male hormone. Testosterone hormone is responsible for the changes seen in adolescence such as height growth, increase in hairiness, deepening of the voice, and enlargement in the penis.

 

HOW DOES SPERM PRODUCTION OCCUR?

 

Sperm production in the testicles occurs in special structures called Seminiferous tubules. Within these small filament-shaped structures, the tailless and round-shaped sperm stem cells, with the support of the Sertoli cells that support them, turn into mature, tailed sperm cells in about 70 days. Testosterone and FSH hormone play an important role in this production. After an average of 70 days, mature sperm cell development is completed.

 

WHAT HAPPENS TO THE SPERM PRODUCED?

 

Sperm produced in the testicles move to the EPIDIDYMIS. The epididymis is also in the form of a tube and is the part where the sperm begin to move. The epididymis opens in the sperm ducts. The sperm ducts then join the prostate gland and the seminal gland duct. Fluids produced from the prostate and seminal gland support the vitality of the sperm.

 

HOW IS SEMEN FORMED?

 

During ejaculation, sperms are drawn from the epididymis into the sperm ducts. The sperm canal contracts with the neural impulses from the brain and moves the sperm towards the urinary canal. Fluids from the prostate and seminal gland mix with sperm and semen occurs. During the ejaculation, semen is expelled through the urethra. There are millions of sperm in the semen fluid. Semen is a mixture. Semen is formed by the combination of sperms and secretions produced from the prostate and seminal glands.

 

DOES THE NUMBER OF SPERM CHANGE IN MEN?

 

The sperm count in men is not fixed and may show variability and fluctuations. Therefore, in order to be able to say that there is a problem in sperm analysis, the same situation should continue in 2 separate sperm tests performed 3 weeks apart. In summary, it should not be decided that there is a problem in a man with a single sperm analysis.

 

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what are you wondering
Frequently Asked Questions(FAQ)

IVF treatment generally consists of determining the day to start treatment, starting drug use, egg collection, fertilization, and embryo transfer. Since the time of the patients coming from abroad may be limited, they may be asked to have the preliminary tests done by themselves in their country, and thus 2-4 weeks can be gained. In this case, 2-3 weeks may be sufficient for the treatment process.

Traveling at any stage of IVF treatment or after embryo transfer, which is often wondered, has no negative effect on the process.

The biggest advantage of IVF treatment for the couples who prefer it is that it is very reliable because the risks are almost negligible compared to other treatment methods. The success rate continues to increase day by day, as this method improves itself with technology and experience. The IVF method, which is important in terms of giving older couples the opportunity to have children, can be applied in our country with a success rate above world standards thanks to advanced technology and highly experienced experts. In addition, when viewed in terms of health tourism in Turkey with its natural beauty, cuisine, also offers a unique and economically advantageous prices it offers to tourists vacation experience.

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